A recent article in the Times Educational Supplement (TES) entitled DfE and Ofsted at odds over exams caught my attention. The article suggests that the DfE has taken umbrage at the decision by “Ofsted (is) to downgrade the use of exam results as a measure of school quality”. There is an escalating confrontation between the DfE and Ofsted.
It appears that some schools are teaching to the test and doing little more:
Schools where teachers just think about how you get exam results and not what is best for the children to learn will be marked down,” an anonymous source told the Sunday Times. “The chief inspector wants to shift a culture that is betraying a generation.
Commentators have noted HMCI’s determination to challenge the issue; however, they have been surprised at the robust response from the DfE. Ed Dorrell sheds light on its importance and political nature in TES:
The Department for Education, which is gaining confidence under its new-ish secretary of state, Damian Hinds, is worried about the development and is, I understand, pushing back. While incredibly subtle, the official response to The Sunday Times story was telling: it went much further than the usual “we don’t comment on rumours” and set out a defence of the status quo:
The argument portrayed is one between an unusually defensive DfE and a well-meaning but somewhat naive HMCI. The DfE has two significant concerns, encroachment onto their curriculum territory and Ofsted’s ability to deliver. The sideswipe at Ofsted in the article, about losing good staff to MATs, is indicative of the DfE’s sensitivity on this issue and seems anything but subtle. In this blog, I offer an alternative view and suggest that Ofsted has little choice but to downgrade exams results.
The issue of quality surfaced in the recent National Audit Office (NAO) report into Ofsted. Asked by the NAO how they measured the impact of inspections on quality; Ofsted replied, “we don’t” or words to that effect. Normally, this would not matter to educationalists; the next big educational idea, VAK learning styles or direct instruction, is always on the horizon. If quality is not there the next big thing will sort things out until, of course, it doesn’t but that’s years down the line.
Education, however, is an increasingly global phenomenon and so are inspectorates. Education systems are seen through the prism of international organisations such as the OECD. The English exam system can no longer be viewed in isolation and Ofsted’s problem is that exam data in England does not correlate with data generated internationally. Pisa data, for example, suggests that quality in the education system has flatlined for years in stark contrast to the grade inflation in the English exam system. Ofsted is criticised for not measuring quality, but other educational stakeholders regard the integrity of data as a political convenience. As HMCI points out “Ofsted is only one lever in the school system, which is why it has proven difficult for the NAO to judge our impact and value for money.”
The issue of exam integrity has rumbled on for years. Former Secretary of State for Education, Michael Gove, said this about exams in 2013:
For years, ministers in previous governments looked at the way more and more people were getting GCSEs and they congratulated themselves, like Soviet economics ministers on the growth in statistics,” Gove told a US summit on education reform on Thursday night. Slipping into a mock Russian accent and syntax, Gove said: “Look in Russia, thousands more get GCSEs. Surely now we are education powerhouse?
(…) the truth is that we were lying to children” by telling them they would be able to go to university or find skilled work.” Employers said: ‘You have a piece of paper that says it, you’re qualified in English and mathematics. But you can’t write a business letter, you can’t do basic arithmetic required to work in this store or on this shop floor.
Ouch, but that was 5 years ago surely, by now, the Conservatives have done something about it? Tory-supporting newspapers like the Daily Mail do not think so:
Exam regulator Ofqual promised grade boundaries could be lowered if the new exams were tougher than expected, and therein lies the problem. It is all very well mocking the previous administration’s supposed tendency to apparatchik Soviet behaviour but five years on and not much has changed.
A standards agency cannot heavily rely on exam data, as a measure of quality over time, that is subject to such political interference. Ofsted must have this confrontation with the DfE because it cannot solely be responsible for quality in a sector that has traditionally had such a cavalier attitude to measuring its outcomes.
This is the graph I have most often seen to evidence grade inflation.